Date: 22-02-2019

    Posted By: mithun

    2
    Recent Supreme Court order regarding eviction of lakhs of persons belonging to the Scheduled Tribes (STs) and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers (OTFDs) categories across 21 States, can have massive impact on the livelihood rights of such marginalised people. Elaborate( 250 words) 15 marks

  • Subject: Social Justice
  • Topic: Vulnerable Sections of population
  • Sub-Topic: Mechanisms and Laws for protection and betterment
  • Source: The Hindu
    Introduction: Mention about the details of recent Supreme Court verdict regarding eviction of ST and OTFDs from forests. State facts about the extent of displacement it can cause. Mention the rights available to such groups under Forest Rights Act, 2006 and state that the latest verdict cam impart wide displacement of marginalised groups. 

    Scenario build up: State briefly the reasons that led to such a verdict and what were the issues involved. Mention the causes that tribal could not provide documents in support of their claims like unawareness, state administrative lacunae, illiteracy, lack of advocacy from govt etc. Explain the wider ramifications of the verdict like massive displacement, right to livelihood, poverty, further marginalisation, . 

    Conclusion: Need to urgently review the order and proceed with a much thorough investigation into claims of tribals. State needs to hold wider comprehensive surveys and ground reports , consult widely and seek to protect the livelihoods of tribals/marginalised groups. Need for a comprehensive rehabilitation policy too.Ordinance could also be considered as like in SC/ST Act case. Suggest a suitable way forward.
    Sources to Read:
    https://thewire.in/rights/nearly-20-lakh-tribals-vulnerable-to-eviction-thanks-to-sc-order https://www.thequint.com/news/india/supreme-court-tribal-forest-land-eviction-order-2019-general-elections#gs.Bxv2eoWP     

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