Displaying 18 of 18 records

Title: Seeking the next frontier

Issue: ASAT missile

Syllabus: General Studies-III - Science and Technology - Space Technologies

Context: India recently tested Anti satellite Missile ASAT. 

Highlights : 

  1. There is no international treaty prohibiting the testing or the development of ASATs.
  2. It is a technological trademark for India as these manoeuvres need high precision. 
  3. As like other countries, India also developed ASAT as part of Ballistic missile defence shield. 
  4. USA, Russia included their kinetic kill interceptor techniques and developed co orbital anti satellite systems and directed energy laser systems. These can neutralise a satellite with out fragmenting it. So, there will be no space Debris. 
  5. Space debris form dead satellites is growing. Debris from anti satellite missiles is adding up to it. China’s anti satellite missile released close to 3000 pieces of debris. They are a threat to orbiting satellites. On the other side, India tested ASAT missile on a satellite in low earth orbit to keep the debris minimum. 
  6. The U.S., Russia and China — have set up ‘Space Commands’. This has given rise to demands to prevent the militarisation of space. 
  7. The 1967 outer space treaty and moon treaty of 1979 laid foundations for legal regime for space. 
  8. Rule of law, refraining from appropriating territory, non placement of any weapons of mass destruction in space, prohibition of military activities on the moon and other celestial bodies are the various provisions of this. 
  9. USA is not interested to negotiate any legally binding space treaty for prevention of militarisation of space. It wants to maintain its hegemony. 
  10. UN also called for political commitment by all countries that they shall not be the first to place weapons in space. No action moved forward. 

Evidence : nil 

Take home points 

India’s ASAT test has not violated any norm, but it is a reminder of the need for a global regulatory regime

Keywords: ASAT weapons outer space treaty - 1967 moon treaty 1979
 

# Previous UPSC Question Marks Year
1 India has achieved remarkable successes in unmanned space missions including the Chandrayaan and Mars Orbitter Mission, but has not ventured into manned space mission, both in terms of technology and logistics? Explain critically 10 2017
2 India has achieved remarkable successes in unmanned space missions including the Chandrayaan and Mars Orbitter Mission, but has not ventured into manned space mission, both in terms of technology and logistics? Explain critically. 13 2016
3 What do you understand by ‘Standard Positioning Systems’ and ‘Protection Positioning Systems’ in the GPS era? Discuss the advantages India perceives from its ambitious IRNSS programme employing just seven satellites. (200 words) 13 2015
4 The safe landing of the “Curiosity” Rover under NASA’s space programme has sparked many possibilities. What are those and how could humankind benefit from them? 30 2012
5 What do you know about Indian Regional National Satellite Systems? Describe its important features. (150 words) 10 marks 30 2008
6 What is the significance of the geostationary orbit? What would happen if it becomes too crowded? (250 words) 2000
7 Describe how India's space programme has helped in its socio-economic development (About 250 words). 1996
8 What is PSLV? Describe its significance for India's space programme (150 words) 1995
9 Trace the progress of India's Space Research Programmes? What are its significant achievements? (150 words) 1991

Currently there are no previous questions available.


Title: Kartarpur focus

Issue: kartarpur corridor

Syllabus: General Studies-II - International Relations - India and its neighborhood

Kartapur focus 

Context : Negotiations did not move forward between India and Pakistan as scheduled due to minor irritants. 

Highlights 

  1. Kartarpur corridor spreads from der baba Nanak in Punjab to Kartarpur Sahib Gurudwara in Pakistan’s Punjab. 
  2. There are many issues between the countries to take the project to a logical conclusion. India do not want to have any cap on number of pilgrims and it has serious reservations on having anti India elements in gurudwara committee. 
  3. Pakistan wants to see kartarpur as part of whole gamut of bilateral relations. India clearly stated that corridor will have no connection with furthering bilateral talks on other issues.

Take Home points : Security concerns are high-priority, but blocking work on the corridor is not right. 

Keywords: Kartarpur corridor Dera baba nanak gurudwara Kartarpur sahib gurudwara
 

# Previous UPSC Question Marks Year
1 ‘China is using its economic relations and positive trade surplus as tools to develop potential military power status in Asia’, In the light of this statement, discuss its impact on India as her neighbor. (150 words) 2017
2 “Increasing cross-border terrorist attacks in India and growing interference in the internal affairs of several member-states by Pakistan are not conducive for the future of SAARC (South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation).” Explain with suitable examples 2016
3 Project `Mausam’ is considered a unique foreign policy initiative of the Indian Government to improve relationship with its neighbors. Does the project have a strategic dimension? Discuss. (200 words) 15 marks 2015
4 Terrorist activities and mutual distrust have clouded India-Pakistan relations. To what extent the use of soft power like sports and cultural exchanges could help generate goodwill between the two countries? Discuss with suitable examples. (200 words) 15 marks. 2015
5 With respect to the South China sea, maritime territorial disputes and rising tension affirm the need for safeguarding maritime security to ensure freedom of navigation and over flight throughout the region. In this context, discuss the bilateral issues between India and China. (200 words) 10 marks 2014
6 The proposed withdrawal of International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) from Afghanistan in 2014 is fraught with major security implications for the countries of the region. Examine in light of the fact that India is faced with a plethora of challenges and needs to safeguard its own strategic interests. (200 words) 10 marks 2013
7 What do you understand by ‘The String of Pearls’? How does it impact India? Briefly outline the steps taken by India to counter this. (200 words) 10 marks 2013
8 Discuss the political developments in Maldives in the last two years. Should they be of any cause of concern to India? (200 words) 10 marks 2013
9 In respect of India-Sri Lanka relations, discuss how domestic factors influence foreign policy. (200 words) 10 marks 2013
10 Do you think that China’s emergence as one of the largest trading partners of India had adversely affected the settlement of the outstanding border problem? 20 2012
11 Discuss the contentious issues that have caused the prolonged constitutional logjam in Nepal. 20 2012
12 Why have the resource rich African and South Asian countries remained poor for decades? Explain. 20 2012
13 Discuss the likely negative impact of the protectionist measures proposed by the US on India’s software industry. 20 2012
14 How have the US sanctions against Iran affected India’s bilateral relations with Iran? 20 2012
15 ‘The situation today is far different to that prevalent fifty years back when the Indus Water treaty was seined.’ Highlight the complexity of the current challenges on both sides of the border in this regard. Do you think that a review of the Treaty is in India’s best interests? (250 words) 15 marks. 20 2012
16 List the Central Asian Republics and identify those of particular strategic and economic importance to India. Examine the opportunities and bottlenecks in enhancing relations with these countries. (250 words) 15 marks. 20 2011
17 Critically examine the security and strategic implications of the so-called 'string of pearls' theory for India. (250 words) 15 marks. 20 2011
18 As regards the increasing rates of melting of Arctic Sea ice, the interests of the Arctic Council Nations may not coincide with those of the wider world. Explain. (150 words) 10 marks. 20 2011
19 Bring out the FDI and employment implications of China being a manufacturing hub and India a services hub. (150 words) 15 marks. 20 2010
20 Terrorism: Source in Pakistan and Afghanistan (150 words) 2006
21 Examine the developments in Afghanistan in the post-Taliban period. (150 words) 2005
22 What is meant by Gujral Doctrine? Write its specific principles 150 words 1997
23 Mention the advantages which India enjoys being at the head of the Indian Ocean. (150 words) 1996
24 What geopolitical and economic advantages are enjoyed by India due to its location in the southern part of the Continent of Asia? (150 words) 1989
25 What are the differences in the approaches of India and Nepal to the transit-trade question? How is this question complicated by other issues (About 250 words)? 1989
26 Has the IPKF been able to achieve the goal set before it by the terms of the Indo-Sri Lanka Agreement? What are the options available to India (About 150 words)? (20) 1987
27 Why did USSR send troops to Afganistan? What are the broad issues involved? What has been India's response to the Afgan situation (Not more than 150 words)? 25 1980

Currently there are no previous questions available.


Title: The arrogance of the ignorant

Issue: Forest Rights Act - SC Judgement

Syllabus: General Studies-II - Social Justice and Development - Vulnerable Sections of population

Context

Supreme Court recently adjudged that people whose claims are rejected under forest rights act 2006, need to be evicted by the state governments. Author argues it as ignorance of ground realties. 

Highlights

  1. Forest rights act provides for recognition of rights. There is no provision for eviction of people whose claims are rejected. 
  2. There is no clarity on individual claims and community claims among the claims that are rejected. Many of those, whose clams rejected are Other forest dwellers. 
  3. Proposed amendments to Indian forest act, 1927 further strengthens the stranglehold of forest officials. 

Evidence

Nil

Take home points

It is tragic that ‘New India’ chooses to attack Adivasis and forest-dwellers instead of those destroying its ecology 

Keywords: Forest Rights Act FRA
 

# Previous UPSC Question Marks Year
1 Multiplicity of various commissions for the vulnerable sections of the society leads to problems of overlapping jurisdiction and duplication of functions. Is it better to merge all commissions into an umbrella Human Rights Commission? Argue your case. (15) 15 2018
2 ‘To ensure effective implementation of policies addressing water, sanitation and hygiene needs, the identification of beneficiary segments is to be synchronized with the anticipated outcomes’ Examine the statement in the context of the WASH scheme. (150 words) 10 2017
3 Does the Rights of Persons with Disabilities Act, 2016 ensure effective mechanism for empowerment and inclusion of the intended beneficiaries in the society? Discuss (150 words) 10 2017
4 The concept of Mid Day Meal (MDM) scheme is almost a century old in India with early beginnings in Madras Presidency in pre-independent India. The scheme has again been given impetus in most states in the last two decades. Critically examine its twin objectives, latest mandates and success: (200 words) 10 marks 10 2013
5 The Central Government frequently complains on the poor performance of the State Governments in eradicating suffering of the vulnerable sections of the society. Restructuring of Centrally sponsored schemes across the sectors for ameliorating the cause of vulnerable sections of population aims at providing flexibility to the States in better implementation. Critically evaluate. (200 words) 10 marks 10 2013
6 The Union Cabinet recently cleared the proposal to rename and amend the Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Act, 1986. What are the salient features of the proposed amendments? 20 2012
7 Bring out the salient features of the PCPNDT Act 1994, and the implications of its amendment in 2003. (250 words) 15 marks. 20 2011
8 What are your views on the features and impact of the POCSO Act 2012? (150 words) 10 marks. 20 2009
9 Discuss the steps to get rid of child labour in India. (250 words) 2007
10 Integrated Child Services (lCDS) Development. (125 words) 2007
11 What are the problems related to the rehabilitation of the mentally challenged persons in India? (125 words) 2006
12 Discuss the steps taken by Government to check child labour and promote child welfare. (250 words) 2003
13 Write briefly about the Programmes for ‘Welfare of the Disabled’. (150 words) 2002
14 Discuss the propositions laid down by the Supreme Court of India in the context of Torture in Prisons and Human Dignity. (250 words) 2000
15 What is Social Justice? How can reservation of seats for women in Parliament contribute to the establishment of a socially just society in India (About 250 words) 1997
16 Give your assessment on land reforms in India (About 250 words) 1997
17 What specific provisions exists in the Constitution of India about child labour? 150 words 1997
18 What are the major recommendations of the Swaminathan Committee's Draft National Population Policy, relating to gender issues? (150 words) 1994
19 What are the major recommendations of the Swaminathan Committee's Draft National Population Policy, relating to gender issues? (150 Words) 1994
20 Why has the question of child labour become more important recently? How is it going to affect India? (150 Words ) 1993
21 What is meant by population explosion? Has it occurred in India. (150 words) 1989
22 What are the main causes of anti-reservation stir in India ? what are the provisions in our constitution regarding reservation ? Do you consider the policy on reservation is bad ? 1985
23 Analyse the situation in the Northeastern States what steps are being taken and could be taken to restore it to normally having regard to the strategic these States, the intersts and aspirations of the different communities and classes of people living there and the paramount importance of national integration (About 500 words). 65 1982
24 Why has there been reservation of seats for Scheduled Caste and Tribes in the legislatures and in public services? How the purpose been achieved? Indicate recent developments. 1981
25 Situation of law and order has become unstable increasingly in many parts of India. What are the main reasons for the deterioration in law and order position? How are the State Governments trying to control crimes’ What further steps would you suggest with a view to provide a greater sense of security in the minds of the people specially those, who belong to the vulnerable sections of the society and live in remote areas (Not more than 150 words). 25 1980

Currently there are no previous questions available.


Title: THE HEAT IS ON

Issue: Heat stress and possible water scarcity

Syllabus: General Studies-III - Disaster Management - Disaster Management - Plan, Framework, Cycle

Context

A forecast of below average monsoon in 2019 by Skymet.

Highlights

  • Last year erratic rainfall flooded Kerala and crippled agriculture in eastern and western states
  • There is also prospect of an El Nino, which is often associated with drought conditions
  • Monsoon deficient will add pressures on rural employment and the economy as a whole
  • Likelihood of heat spike during April/May

Issues/Challenges

  • Preparedness of the state governments to prevent loss of life and extreme distress during heat waves.
  • Urban local bodies have responsibility to care for large number of vulnerable city dwellers.
  • Mitigate the possible water scarcity through decentralized water-harvesting.

Measures to protect from heat wave

  • Avoiding exposure during the hottest part of the day, especially senior citizens
  • Staying adequately hydrated
  • Wearing suitable clothing including headgears
  • Creating shade in public places.
  • Dissemination of weather alerts through television, mobile and social media.

Wayout

  • ULB’s should draw proper heat action plans and make them public.
  • Adoption of rainwater harvesting and aquifer recharges.
  • More focus on climate-resilient agricultural practices.
Keywords: Heat Stress Monsoon Heat Wave NDMA Disaster Management
 

# Previous UPSC Question Marks Year
1 Describe various measures taken in India for Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) before and after signing ‘Sendai Framework for DRR (2015-2030)’. How is this framework different from ‘Hyogo Framework for Action, 2005’? (250 Words, 15 Marks) 15 2018
2 On December 2004, tsumani brought havoc on 14 countries including India. Discuss the factors responsible for occurrence of Tsunami and its effects on life and economy. In the light of guidelines of NDMA (2010) describe the mechanisms for preparedness to reduce the risk during such events. 15 2017
3 On December 2004, tsumani brought havoc on 14 countries including India. Discuss the factors responsible for occurrence of Tsunami and its effects on life and economy. In the light of guidelines of NDMA (2010) describe the mechanisms for preparedness to reduce the risk during such events. 13 2016
4 The frequency of earthquakes appears to have increased in the Indian subcontinent. However, India’s preparedness for mitigating their impact has significant gaps. Discuss various aspects. (200 words) 13 2015
5 How important are vulnerability and risk assessment for pre-disaster management? As an administrator, what are key areas that you would focus on in a Disaster Management System? (200 words) 10 marks 10 2013
6 ‘In India, there appears to be more disaster of management than management of disaster.’ Comment. (150 words) 15 marks 30 2008
7 What is the disaster management? Discuss the steps required to tackle natural disasters. (250 words) 2005
8 Some experts an of the opinion that the dams and the reservoirs located in different parts of the country may lead to undesirable consequences. How far are these fears justified? What are the aims of the New Technology Policy? What steps are being taken to improve the standards of technical education? What is fluorosis? What can be done to minimise its harmful effects? 1988

Currently there are no previous questions available.


Title: CAPITAL HIGH

Issue: Foreign investments and macroeconomic management

Syllabus: General Studies-III - Indian Economy - Economic Development - Mobilization of resources, Financial Intermediation (Banking, Insurance, Capital Markets, External resources)

Context

Inflow of foreign capital into India’s stock market in the month of March was high of $4.89 billion, since February 2012.


Highlights

India Stock Markets rose a solid 8% in March and the rupee appreciated by about 7% since early October 2018.

Last year India received more FDI than China for the first time in two decades.


Cyclic and Structural reasons for this rise in foreign investments in India:

  1. Chinese economy has been slowing down in the last one year.

  2. Fears of political instability are misplaced among section of investors.

  3. Clear signs of west Central Banks turning turned dovish (lower interest rates), making the foreign investors to turn towards relatively high-yielding emerging markets.


Issues / Challenges

Return of foreign investments is a good sign and to retain investor confidence, government should:

  1. Accelerate the structural reforms and ensure proper macroeconomic management

  2. Pending reforms to the labor and land markets needs immediate attention

  3. High fiscal deficit of both center and states is challenging and needs to be addressed

Keywords: Macroeconomics Foreign Capital Rupee Foreign Investments
 

# Previous UPSC Question Marks Year
1 Comment on the important changes introduced in respect of the Long term Capital Gains Tax (LCGT) and Dividend Distribution Tax (DDT) in the Union Budget for 2018-2019. (150 Words, 10 Marks) 10 2018
2 Account for the failure of manufacturing sector in achieving the goal of labour-intensive exports rather than capital-intensive exports. Suggest measures for more labour-intensive rather than capital-intensive exports. 13 2016
3 What measures do you suggest to raise the volume of Public Savings in our country? Briefly state the importance of such savings for the contemporary economic scene. (150 words) 1996
4 What has been the rationale for deregulating commercial bank's lending rates as a policy strategy? (150 words) 1995
5 What is Partial Convertibility & rupee? What are its basic objectives? How is it going to benefit the Indian economy? (150 words) 1992
6 What are the main components of the non-Plan expenditure of the Government of India? Discuss the recent trends in the growth of this expenditure (150 words) 1989
7 Describe the organization and functions of Regional Rural Banks, Review their achievments. Is there any conflicting jurisdiction between the rural banks and the cooperative credit societies? 1983
8 What are ‘bearer bonds’ Why were special bearer bonds devised in February? What were their budgetary objectives how far such bonds achieved their objectives? 1981
9 As the resources of land are getting depleted man his turning to sea for the supply of his needs. What are the prospects of sea exploration for obtaining our requirements of food, minerals and chemicals, oil and gas? 1981

Currently there are no previous questions available.


Title: MALDIVIAN WAVE

Issue: Return of pro-democratic party and political stability in Maldives

Syllabus: General Studies-II - International Relations - India and its neighborhood

Context

Maldives President Ibrahim Mohamed Solih’s Maldivian Democratic Party (MDP) (pro-democracy) is poised to win the Parliamentary elections.


Highlights

  • Under his predecessor Abdulla Yameen’s rule, the Indian Ocean nation has become Beijing’s economic embrace in so called debt-trap diplomacy and strategically benefited Beijing considerably.


  • But the Chinese infrastructure investment has caused Maldives national debt to increase to nearly a quarter of its GDP.


  • President Solih’s signalled shift in government priorities and PM Narendra Modi was the chief guest at the presidential inauguration.


  • With MDP single-party majority, Solih can push through his agenda with few hurdles and opposition parties.


India’s Initiatives

India tries to reset its strategic interests in Indian Ocean Region with pro-democracy party win in Maldives

India also announced $1.4 billion financial assistance package for Maldives and both the governments agreed to exempt holders of diplomatic and official passports from visa requirements.

MoUs on Indian grant-in-aid for community development projects, clean energy and regional maritime security were signed.


Take Home Points

A pro-democratic and stable government in Maldives is strategically important for India to counter the Beijing’s dominance in Indian Ocean Region.


Keywords: String of Pearls Maldives International Relations Indian Ocean Region Debt-Trap-Diplomacy
 

# Previous UPSC Question Marks Year
1 ‘China is using its economic relations and positive trade surplus as tools to develop potential military power status in Asia’, In the light of this statement, discuss its impact on India as her neighbor. (150 words) 2017
2 “Increasing cross-border terrorist attacks in India and growing interference in the internal affairs of several member-states by Pakistan are not conducive for the future of SAARC (South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation).” Explain with suitable examples 2016
3 Project `Mausam’ is considered a unique foreign policy initiative of the Indian Government to improve relationship with its neighbors. Does the project have a strategic dimension? Discuss. (200 words) 15 marks 2015
4 Terrorist activities and mutual distrust have clouded India-Pakistan relations. To what extent the use of soft power like sports and cultural exchanges could help generate goodwill between the two countries? Discuss with suitable examples. (200 words) 15 marks. 2015
5 With respect to the South China sea, maritime territorial disputes and rising tension affirm the need for safeguarding maritime security to ensure freedom of navigation and over flight throughout the region. In this context, discuss the bilateral issues between India and China. (200 words) 10 marks 2014
6 The proposed withdrawal of International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) from Afghanistan in 2014 is fraught with major security implications for the countries of the region. Examine in light of the fact that India is faced with a plethora of challenges and needs to safeguard its own strategic interests. (200 words) 10 marks 2013
7 What do you understand by ‘The String of Pearls’? How does it impact India? Briefly outline the steps taken by India to counter this. (200 words) 10 marks 2013
8 Discuss the political developments in Maldives in the last two years. Should they be of any cause of concern to India? (200 words) 10 marks 2013
9 In respect of India-Sri Lanka relations, discuss how domestic factors influence foreign policy. (200 words) 10 marks 2013
10 Do you think that China’s emergence as one of the largest trading partners of India had adversely affected the settlement of the outstanding border problem? 20 2012
11 Discuss the contentious issues that have caused the prolonged constitutional logjam in Nepal. 20 2012
12 Why have the resource rich African and South Asian countries remained poor for decades? Explain. 20 2012
13 Discuss the likely negative impact of the protectionist measures proposed by the US on India’s software industry. 20 2012
14 How have the US sanctions against Iran affected India’s bilateral relations with Iran? 20 2012
15 ‘The situation today is far different to that prevalent fifty years back when the Indus Water treaty was seined.’ Highlight the complexity of the current challenges on both sides of the border in this regard. Do you think that a review of the Treaty is in India’s best interests? (250 words) 15 marks. 20 2012
16 List the Central Asian Republics and identify those of particular strategic and economic importance to India. Examine the opportunities and bottlenecks in enhancing relations with these countries. (250 words) 15 marks. 20 2011
17 Critically examine the security and strategic implications of the so-called 'string of pearls' theory for India. (250 words) 15 marks. 20 2011
18 As regards the increasing rates of melting of Arctic Sea ice, the interests of the Arctic Council Nations may not coincide with those of the wider world. Explain. (150 words) 10 marks. 20 2011
19 Bring out the FDI and employment implications of China being a manufacturing hub and India a services hub. (150 words) 15 marks. 20 2010
20 Terrorism: Source in Pakistan and Afghanistan (150 words) 2006
21 Examine the developments in Afghanistan in the post-Taliban period. (150 words) 2005
22 What is meant by Gujral Doctrine? Write its specific principles 150 words 1997
23 Mention the advantages which India enjoys being at the head of the Indian Ocean. (150 words) 1996
24 What geopolitical and economic advantages are enjoyed by India due to its location in the southern part of the Continent of Asia? (150 words) 1989
25 What are the differences in the approaches of India and Nepal to the transit-trade question? How is this question complicated by other issues (About 250 words)? 1989
26 Has the IPKF been able to achieve the goal set before it by the terms of the Indo-Sri Lanka Agreement? What are the options available to India (About 150 words)? (20) 1987
27 Why did USSR send troops to Afganistan? What are the broad issues involved? What has been India's response to the Afgan situation (Not more than 150 words)? 25 1980

Currently there are no previous questions available.


Title: OPEN UP THE SUPREME COURT

Issue: Transparency in Judicial Appointments

Syllabus: General Studies-II - Indian Polity and Constitution - Judiciary

Context

In 2009, the High Court of Delhi in a landmark judgement held that the Office of the Chief Justice of India (CJI) was a public authority and comes under the ambit of RTI

Highlights

The judgement indicates that information held by CJI - in the context of a case, or judges assets, correspondence of the Collegium could be requested by public under RTI

Is office of CJI subject to RTI provisions?

  • All power, including judicial power is accountable in modern constitution
  • Exemption of judiciary from RTI would defeat the basic idea of open justice
  • Transparency and public scrutiny are hallmarks of a democracy

Collegium vs NJAC

  • Collegium was formed to secure and guarantee the independence of judiciary
  • In 2015, Supreme Court struck down a constitutional amendment establishing NJAC - SC held that primacy in appointments was to secure judicial independence against powerful political executive.

Arguments against Collegium

  • Appointments process was opaque and often made in an ad hoc and arbitrary manner
  • Nomination process is secret, deliberations are secret, the reasons for elevation or non-elevation are secret.
  • Standards of accountability in a democratic republic should be ensured in judicial appointments.
  • Transparency in appointments is not integral to the process as in USA, South Africa etc.

Take home points

Sunlight is the best disinfectant and judiciary in a democratic republic should not be worried to public scrutiny.


Keywords: Supreme Court NJAC Collegium RTI
 

# Previous UPSC Question Marks Year
1 How far do you agree with the view that tribunals curtail the jurisdiction of ordinary courts? In view of the above, discuss the constitutional validity and competency of the tribunals in India. (15) 2018
2 Critically examine the Supreme Court’s judgement on ‘National Judicial Appointments Commission Act, 2014’ with reference to appointment of judges of higher judiciary in India. (150 words) 2017
3 What is meant by Judicial Activism? Evaluate its role in the context of the functioning of Indian Polity. (250 words) 15 marks 2008
4 Is the High Courts’ power to issue ‘writs’ wider than that of the Supreme Court of India? (150 words) 2006
5 Is it possible to distinguish between judicial review and judicial activism in India? Does the recent behavior of the Indian judiciary partake more of judicial activism? Argue with suitable example. (250 words) 2005
6 What is the position of the Supreme Court under the Constitution of India? How far does it play its role as guardian of the Constitution? (150 words) 2002
7 Explain Public Interest Litigation. Who can file it and on what basis can it be rejected by the Court of Law? (150 words) 2000
8 Present your views for and against the creation of an All India Judicial Service 150 words 1997
9 What is meant by ‘Judicial Activism’ Evaluate its role in reducing corruption in public life. 150 Words 1996
10 What is the position of the Supreme Court under the Constitution of India? Discuss its role as a guardian of the Constitution (About 250 words) 1995
11 Explain the significance of the April 1994 Supreme Court judgement on the proclamation of President's rule. (150 Words) 1994
12 What was the magnitude of the Bhopal Gas Tragedy and what were the salient features of the Supreme Court verdict on the Bhopal as Tragedy? (150 Words) 1991

Currently there are no previous questions available.


Title: CLOSED ROAD

Issue: Ban on civilian traffic on NH-44

Syllabus: General Studies-III - Internal Security - Terrorism, external state, non-state actors

Context

Civilian traffic is banned for two days a week on the 271 km stretch of National Highway (NH-44) connecting Jammu and Kashmir.


Highlights

  • On February 14, 2019, a tragic suicide attack on CRPF convoy on NH-44 killed 40 personnel.
  • The ban will last till May 31, to enable orderly conduct of the Lok Sabha elections in J&K and to prevent another Pulwama-type attack.


Is this draconian?

NH-44 is life-line in the state connecting Jammu and Kashmir.

It is vital for movement of goods, agricultural produce and many educational and medical institutions lie on its stretch and alternative route will multiply the time and distance.

Ban is against the freedom of movement and violates articles,  14, 19 and 21 of the Constitution.

Increases the distance between the people and administration in a state where security is major challenge.


Way forward

Require security drills in place to prevent terror strikes.

Increased security protocols to secure the lives of civilians and soldiers


Take-home points

Community support is important in counter-terrorism strategies and response to Pulwama-type attacks should not increase alienation of local people.


Keywords: Internal Security Terrorism
 

Currently there are no previous questions available.

Currently there are no previous questions available.


Title: NETANYAHU’S ISRAEL

Issue: Hope for peace in Palestine diminishes

Syllabus: General Studies-II - International Relations - Important events around the World

Context

In April 9 parliamentary elections in Israel, right wing parties reigns supreme


Highlights

Netanyahu ran a ultra-nationalist campaign to get right-wing support.

During polls, he said he would annex parts of West Bank to bring Jewish settlements under Israeli sovereignty.

Netanyahu was credited with stabilising Israeli economy, and major diplomatic achievements like US recognition of Jerusalem as Israel’s capital and the occupied Syrian Golan Heights as Israeli territory.


Israel-Palestine peace process

Netanyahu is showing no interest in the peace process

Israel today is entirely different from what the early socialist Zionists had imagined.

Israel is occupying Palestine both militarily and through Jewish settlements in West Bank

Israel is a de facto apartheid state and last year basic law describes Israel as nation state of Jewish people.


Take home points

There is little hope that Mr. Netanyahu will break the status quo and initiate the peace process to resolve Israel-Palestine conflict.

Keywords: International Relations Israel Palestine
 

Currently there are no previous questions available.

Currently there are no previous questions available.


Title: ELECTORAL BONDS

Issue: Knowing the source of political funding

Syllabus: General Studies-II - Governance - Important Aspects of Governance-Transparency, Accountability

Context

Voters need not know the funding source of parties: Attorney General


Highlights

Electoral Bonds scheme (EB) was introduced by government to eradicate black money in funding to political parties.

The EBs are anonymous in nature and source of the donor is not known.

Election Commission viewed that EBs legalised the anonymity of political donors and right to vote means right to make informed choice by knowing the party candidate and his source of funding.


Black money in Polls

Anonymity in political funding either through cash donations (earlier) or electoral bonds (current) is an evil in democracy because it allows elections to be fuelled by black money.

Without knowing the source, the exercise of EBs to fight black money would be futile and similar to P-Notes.

There is also scope that black money would be converted into white through shell companies.


Take home points

Transparency is hallmark in a democracy and ECI should be able to identify the donor and the political party concerned from the electoral bonds.

Keywords: Electoral Bonds Election Commission Transparency
 

# Previous UPSC Question Marks Year
1 In the integrity index of Transparency International, India stands very low. Discuss briefly the legal, political, economic, social and cultural factors that have caused the decline of public morality in India. 2016
2 In the light of the Satyam Scandal (2009), discuss the changes brought in corporate governance to ensure transparency, accountability. (200 words) 15 marks 2015
3 Suggest measures for the eradication of wide spread corruption in Public Life in India. (250 words) 2003

Currently there are no previous questions available.


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