Title: Count on democracy
Issue: Inclusive and secular national agenda
Syllabus: General Studies-II - Indian Polity and Constitution - Elections, Representation of Peoples Act
Context: Elections are said to be a celebration of democracy. Indian people participated in such a festival which was spread over many weeks.
- There was an increase in the voter turnout this year compared to the previous Lok Sabha election.
- Election Commission which is entrusted with ensuring free and fair elections in India has come under criticisms during the present general elections to Lok Sabha.
- Some of the criticisms which have been made against the election commission in these elections are: The schedule that was drawn out by election commission has been questioned by some. The schedule has been accused of creating uneven field by favoring one political party; Supreme Court of India wrap on ECI’s handling model code of conduct violations have also caused a dent to the reputation of the ECI; Analysts have questioned the lack of transparency in dealing with model code of conduct violations by some political leaders; ECI has relatively failed to address some of the concerns raised against the Voter verifiable paper audit trail (VVPAT)
- The above mentioned criticisms has dented the integrity and reputation of the ECI
- What should be done by ECI? ECI should revisit the procedure in ensuring smooth free and fair elections in the future by addressing the concerns mentioned above. Some of the actions that can be taken in this regard include: improving transparency in decision making process, revisiting the idea of long schedule for general elections in future.
- Other issues that have been observed in this elections are:
- Political discourse suffered damage due to personalized attacks on each other.
- Questions were raised against candidature of some in the country
- Elections were fought on narrow issues rather than any substantive issues like jobs, economic growth etc
- It gave rise to social tensions in the country when leaders fought elections on issues associated with religion
Takeaway point: The divisiveness that has been created in the society during these elections should be addressed by the incoming government through an inclusive and secular national agenda
|#||Previous UPSC Question||Marks||Year|
|1||In the light of recent controversy regarding the use of Electronic Voting Machines (EVM), what are the challenges before the Election Commission of India to ensure the trustworthiness of elections in India? (10)||2018|
|2||To enhance the quality of democracy in India the Election Commission of India has proposed electoral reforms in 2016. What are the suggested reforms and how far are they significant to make democracy successful? (250 words)||2017|
|3||Examine the impact of Regional Political Parties in Indian politics. (150 words) 15 marks.||2008|
|4||what are the Main determination of voting behavior in India? (250 words)||2007|
|5||Identify the major electoral reforms which are necessary in the Indian Political System. (150 words)||2000|
|6||Is it correct to describe the party system in India as One party Dominant system ?give reasons for your answer.||1985|
|7||Why was it considered necessary to pass the anti-defection bill ? In what ways is it likely to improve the political health of the country?||1984|
|8||Despite all talk of an effective opposition why has it not been possible to develop an effective opposition in India? Enumerate the principle impediments to the achievements if the much desired political objective||1983|
|9||The Phenomenon of Political defection in India assumed large proportions in recent years. Bring out the factor responsible for the growth of this phenomenon. Is it right to say than ban on defection will amount to suppression of thought and action? 45||1981|
Currently there are no previous questions available.