Title: Begusarai, metaphor of a secular crisis
Issue: Social justice, secularism
Syllabus: General Studies-II - Indian Polity and Constitution - Elections, Representation of Peoples Act
Context: Indian politics has not been able to break the caste barrier when voting in elections. Ideals such as secularism and social justice are subjugated to caste identity
- Initially, Congress in the name of Social justice gave representation to dalits to the exclusion of certain other communities in India. Muslim were attracted towards Congress due to secularism credentials
- However, the exclusion of certain communities and the rise of few other parties in India. particularly BJP and Janata party led to decline in the popularity and support for Congress
- BJP has come with the Hindutva ideology to attract voters; Janata party has used the ideal of ‘social justice’ to attract other communities which felt excluded.
- Traditional voters who were believed to have voted for a particular party are changing this behavior
- More than representation for a particular community, emphasis is given to security of that community.
Takeaway point: Secularism in India has only being followed in words rather than in action. Caste identities should not be allowed to overtake secular credentials of the society
|#||Previous UPSC Question||Marks||Year|
|1||In the light of recent controversy regarding the use of Electronic Voting Machines (EVM), what are the challenges before the Election Commission of India to ensure the trustworthiness of elections in India? (10)||2018|
|2||To enhance the quality of democracy in India the Election Commission of India has proposed electoral reforms in 2016. What are the suggested reforms and how far are they significant to make democracy successful? (250 words)||2017|
|3||Examine the impact of Regional Political Parties in Indian politics. (150 words) 15 marks.||2008|
|4||what are the Main determination of voting behavior in India? (250 words)||2007|
|5||Identify the major electoral reforms which are necessary in the Indian Political System. (150 words)||2000|
|6||Is it correct to describe the party system in India as One party Dominant system ?give reasons for your answer.||1985|
|7||Why was it considered necessary to pass the anti-defection bill ? In what ways is it likely to improve the political health of the country?||1984|
|8||Despite all talk of an effective opposition why has it not been possible to develop an effective opposition in India? Enumerate the principle impediments to the achievements if the much desired political objective||1983|
|9||The Phenomenon of Political defection in India assumed large proportions in recent years. Bring out the factor responsible for the growth of this phenomenon. Is it right to say than ban on defection will amount to suppression of thought and action? 45||1981|
Currently there are no previous questions available.