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Title: Heed Ambedkar's message

Issue: Democracy

Syllabus: General Studies-II - Indian Polity and Constitution - Elections, Representation of Peoples Act

Context: Democracies thrive in a society in which people various narratives are allowed to be expressed in a tolerant manner


  1. Increasingly, it has been found that political leaders are using the narrative of ‘nationalism’ to mobilize people
  2. ‘Nationalism’ that is being used by some leaders only encompasses issues which are related to collective security of the country. Other important issues such as poverty, jobs, livelihood are rarely being discussed
  3. More worrying is the fact that any individual or a group who questions the ‘nationalism’ narrative is termed as anti-national and such negative things
  4. Ambedkar’s advice: Mobilization of the people should take place on issues by way of public reasoning using constitutional means rather than appealing to the emotions of the people

Takeaway point: ‘Educate, Organize and Agitate’ should be the mantra to mobilize people rather than the present method used by some leaders who depend upon the ‘nationalism’ narrative

Keywords: Elections tolerance democracy

# Previous UPSC Question Marks Year
1 In the light of recent controversy regarding the use of Electronic Voting Machines (EVM), what are the challenges before the Election Commission of India to ensure the trustworthiness of elections in India? (10) 2018
2 To enhance the quality of democracy in India the Election Commission of India has proposed electoral reforms in 2016. What are the suggested reforms and how far are they significant to make democracy successful? (250 words) 2017
3 Examine the impact of Regional Political Parties in Indian politics. (150 words) 15 marks. 2008
4 what are the Main determination of voting behavior in India? (250 words) 2007
5 Identify the major electoral reforms which are necessary in the Indian Political System. (150 words) 2000
6 Is it correct to describe the party system in India as One party Dominant system ?give reasons for your answer. 1985
7 Why was it considered necessary to pass the anti-defection bill ? In what ways is it likely to improve the political health of the country? 1984
8 Despite all talk of an effective opposition why has it not been possible to develop an effective opposition in India? Enumerate the principle impediments to the achievements if the much desired political objective 1983
9 The Phenomenon of Political defection in India assumed large proportions in recent years. Bring out the factor responsible for the growth of this phenomenon. Is it right to say than ban on defection will amount to suppression of thought and action? 45 1981

Currently there are no previous questions available.