Displaying 2 of 2 records


Issue: Violation of Model Code of Conduct and action by ECI

Syllabus: General Studies-II - Indian Polity and Constitution - Elections, Representation of Peoples Act


There is trend of high enthusiasm and participation of voters in the first phase of General Elections 2019


EC has taken measures against malpractices and seizure of cash, liquor and other items meant to influence voters.

Ban the release of biopic on Prime Minister and stop the broadcast of political content on TV channels.

Doubts about integrity of EVMs have been addressed with 100% VVPAT.

Following Supreme Court direction, increased the VVPAT random counting rate from one machine to five per assembly segment.

Model Code Violations

Seemingly biased moves by central agencies like Income Tax authorities targeting only Opposition leaders is a possible misuse of office by the ruling party.

PMs appeal to voters in the name of soldiers was unfortunate as the EC failed to take prompt action.

Way forward

EC must respond to MCC violations and the government should act fairly.

Take home points

In order to conduct free and fair elections in world’s largest democracy, EC should reassure voters that the election process is not vitiated by partisanship.

Keywords: Election Commission Model Code ECI MCC

# Previous UPSC Question Marks Year
1 In the light of recent controversy regarding the use of Electronic Voting Machines (EVM), what are the challenges before the Election Commission of India to ensure the trustworthiness of elections in India? (10) 2018
2 To enhance the quality of democracy in India the Election Commission of India has proposed electoral reforms in 2016. What are the suggested reforms and how far are they significant to make democracy successful? (250 words) 2017
3 Examine the impact of Regional Political Parties in Indian politics. (150 words) 15 marks. 2008
4 what are the Main determination of voting behavior in India? (250 words) 2007
5 Identify the major electoral reforms which are necessary in the Indian Political System. (150 words) 2000
6 Is it correct to describe the party system in India as One party Dominant system ?give reasons for your answer. 1985
7 Why was it considered necessary to pass the anti-defection bill ? In what ways is it likely to improve the political health of the country? 1984
8 Despite all talk of an effective opposition why has it not been possible to develop an effective opposition in India? Enumerate the principle impediments to the achievements if the much desired political objective 1983
9 The Phenomenon of Political defection in India assumed large proportions in recent years. Bring out the factor responsible for the growth of this phenomenon. Is it right to say than ban on defection will amount to suppression of thought and action? 45 1981

Currently there are no previous questions available.


Issue: The first image of black hole was seen

Syllabus: General Studies-III - Science and Technology - Space Technologies


Event Horizon telescope showed the very first image of a black hole.


Black Hole itself cannot be seen, because light cannot escape its intense gravitational force.

The ‘Last Photon Ring’ is a region outside black hole where photon (light quantum) can orbit.

The first image of black hole came about 100 years after Albert Einstein’s general theory of relativity.

Power of science

Virtual telescope the size of earth was produced using eight telescopes around the world.

Cutting edge computer science technologies were used to combine the data and image recognition.

Take home points

It is a collaborative effort of interdisciplinary expertise and good faith in the power of science and reason that imaged the first black hole.

Keywords: Black Hole Event Horizon

# Previous UPSC Question Marks Year
1 India has achieved remarkable successes in unmanned space missions including the Chandrayaan and Mars Orbitter Mission, but has not ventured into manned space mission, both in terms of technology and logistics? Explain critically 10 2017
2 India has achieved remarkable successes in unmanned space missions including the Chandrayaan and Mars Orbitter Mission, but has not ventured into manned space mission, both in terms of technology and logistics? Explain critically. 13 2016
3 What do you understand by ‘Standard Positioning Systems’ and ‘Protection Positioning Systems’ in the GPS era? Discuss the advantages India perceives from its ambitious IRNSS programme employing just seven satellites. (200 words) 13 2015
4 The safe landing of the “Curiosity” Rover under NASA’s space programme has sparked many possibilities. What are those and how could humankind benefit from them? 30 2012
5 What do you know about Indian Regional National Satellite Systems? Describe its important features. (150 words) 10 marks 30 2008
6 What is the significance of the geostationary orbit? What would happen if it becomes too crowded? (250 words) 2000
7 Describe how India's space programme has helped in its socio-economic development (About 250 words). 1996
8 What is PSLV? Describe its significance for India's space programme (150 words) 1995
9 Trace the progress of India's Space Research Programmes? What are its significant achievements? (150 words) 1991

Currently there are no previous questions available.