Title: MALDIVIAN WAVE
Issue: Return of pro-democratic party and political stability in Maldives
Syllabus: General Studies-II - International Relations - India and its neighborhood
Maldives President Ibrahim Mohamed Solih’s Maldivian Democratic Party (MDP) (pro-democracy) is poised to win the Parliamentary elections.
Under his predecessor Abdulla Yameen’s rule, the Indian Ocean nation has become Beijing’s economic embrace in so called debt-trap diplomacy and strategically benefited Beijing considerably.
But the Chinese infrastructure investment has caused Maldives national debt to increase to nearly a quarter of its GDP.
President Solih’s signalled shift in government priorities and PM Narendra Modi was the chief guest at the presidential inauguration.
With MDP single-party majority, Solih can push through his agenda with few hurdles and opposition parties.
India tries to reset its strategic interests in Indian Ocean Region with pro-democracy party win in Maldives
India also announced $1.4 billion financial assistance package for Maldives and both the governments agreed to exempt holders of diplomatic and official passports from visa requirements.
MoUs on Indian grant-in-aid for community development projects, clean energy and regional maritime security were signed.
Take Home Points
A pro-democratic and stable government in Maldives is strategically important for India to counter the Beijing’s dominance in Indian Ocean Region.
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|3||Project `Mausam’ is considered a unique foreign policy initiative of the Indian Government to improve relationship with its neighbors. Does the project have a strategic dimension? Discuss. (200 words) 15 marks||2015|
|4||Terrorist activities and mutual distrust have clouded India-Pakistan relations. To what extent the use of soft power like sports and cultural exchanges could help generate goodwill between the two countries? Discuss with suitable examples. (200 words) 15 marks.||2015|
|5||With respect to the South China sea, maritime territorial disputes and rising tension affirm the need for safeguarding maritime security to ensure freedom of navigation and over flight throughout the region. In this context, discuss the bilateral issues between India and China. (200 words) 10 marks||2014|
|6||The proposed withdrawal of International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) from Afghanistan in 2014 is fraught with major security implications for the countries of the region. Examine in light of the fact that India is faced with a plethora of challenges and needs to safeguard its own strategic interests. (200 words) 10 marks||2013|
|7||What do you understand by ‘The String of Pearls’? How does it impact India? Briefly outline the steps taken by India to counter this. (200 words) 10 marks||2013|
|8||Discuss the political developments in Maldives in the last two years. Should they be of any cause of concern to India? (200 words) 10 marks||2013|
|9||In respect of India-Sri Lanka relations, discuss how domestic factors influence foreign policy. (200 words) 10 marks||2013|
|10||Do you think that China’s emergence as one of the largest trading partners of India had adversely affected the settlement of the outstanding border problem?||20||2012|
|11||Discuss the contentious issues that have caused the prolonged constitutional logjam in Nepal.||20||2012|
|12||Why have the resource rich African and South Asian countries remained poor for decades? Explain.||20||2012|
|13||Discuss the likely negative impact of the protectionist measures proposed by the US on India’s software industry.||20||2012|
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|23||Mention the advantages which India enjoys being at the head of the Indian Ocean. (150 words)||1996|
|24||What geopolitical and economic advantages are enjoyed by India due to its location in the southern part of the Continent of Asia? (150 words)||1989|
|25||What are the differences in the approaches of India and Nepal to the transit-trade question? How is this question complicated by other issues (About 250 words)?||1989|
|26||Has the IPKF been able to achieve the goal set before it by the terms of the Indo-Sri Lanka Agreement? What are the options available to India (About 150 words)? (20)||1987|
|27||Why did USSR send troops to Afganistan? What are the broad issues involved? What has been India's response to the Afgan situation (Not more than 150 words)? 25||1980|
Currently there are no previous questions available.