Displaying 2 of 2 records


Issue: Heat stress and possible water scarcity

Syllabus: General Studies-III - Disaster Management - Disaster Management - Plan, Framework, Cycle


A forecast of below average monsoon in 2019 by Skymet.


  • Last year erratic rainfall flooded Kerala and crippled agriculture in eastern and western states
  • There is also prospect of an El Nino, which is often associated with drought conditions
  • Monsoon deficient will add pressures on rural employment and the economy as a whole
  • Likelihood of heat spike during April/May


  • Preparedness of the state governments to prevent loss of life and extreme distress during heat waves.
  • Urban local bodies have responsibility to care for large number of vulnerable city dwellers.
  • Mitigate the possible water scarcity through decentralized water-harvesting.

Measures to protect from heat wave

  • Avoiding exposure during the hottest part of the day, especially senior citizens
  • Staying adequately hydrated
  • Wearing suitable clothing including headgears
  • Creating shade in public places.
  • Dissemination of weather alerts through television, mobile and social media.


  • ULB’s should draw proper heat action plans and make them public.
  • Adoption of rainwater harvesting and aquifer recharges.
  • More focus on climate-resilient agricultural practices.
Keywords: Heat Stress Monsoon Heat Wave NDMA Disaster Management

# Previous UPSC Question Marks Year
1 Describe various measures taken in India for Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) before and after signing ‘Sendai Framework for DRR (2015-2030)’. How is this framework different from ‘Hyogo Framework for Action, 2005’? (250 Words, 15 Marks) 15 2018
2 On December 2004, tsumani brought havoc on 14 countries including India. Discuss the factors responsible for occurrence of Tsunami and its effects on life and economy. In the light of guidelines of NDMA (2010) describe the mechanisms for preparedness to reduce the risk during such events. 15 2017
3 On December 2004, tsumani brought havoc on 14 countries including India. Discuss the factors responsible for occurrence of Tsunami and its effects on life and economy. In the light of guidelines of NDMA (2010) describe the mechanisms for preparedness to reduce the risk during such events. 13 2016
4 The frequency of earthquakes appears to have increased in the Indian subcontinent. However, India’s preparedness for mitigating their impact has significant gaps. Discuss various aspects. (200 words) 13 2015
5 How important are vulnerability and risk assessment for pre-disaster management? As an administrator, what are key areas that you would focus on in a Disaster Management System? (200 words) 10 marks 10 2013
6 ‘In India, there appears to be more disaster of management than management of disaster.’ Comment. (150 words) 15 marks 30 2008
7 What is the disaster management? Discuss the steps required to tackle natural disasters. (250 words) 2005
8 Some experts an of the opinion that the dams and the reservoirs located in different parts of the country may lead to undesirable consequences. How far are these fears justified? What are the aims of the New Technology Policy? What steps are being taken to improve the standards of technical education? What is fluorosis? What can be done to minimise its harmful effects? 1988

Currently there are no previous questions available.


Issue: Foreign investments and macroeconomic management

Syllabus: General Studies-III - Indian Economy - Economic Development - Mobilization of resources, Financial Intermediation (Banking, Insurance, Capital Markets, External resources)


Inflow of foreign capital into India’s stock market in the month of March was high of $4.89 billion, since February 2012.


India Stock Markets rose a solid 8% in March and the rupee appreciated by about 7% since early October 2018.

Last year India received more FDI than China for the first time in two decades.

Cyclic and Structural reasons for this rise in foreign investments in India:

  1. Chinese economy has been slowing down in the last one year.

  2. Fears of political instability are misplaced among section of investors.

  3. Clear signs of west Central Banks turning turned dovish (lower interest rates), making the foreign investors to turn towards relatively high-yielding emerging markets.

Issues / Challenges

Return of foreign investments is a good sign and to retain investor confidence, government should:

  1. Accelerate the structural reforms and ensure proper macroeconomic management

  2. Pending reforms to the labor and land markets needs immediate attention

  3. High fiscal deficit of both center and states is challenging and needs to be addressed

Keywords: Macroeconomics Foreign Capital Rupee Foreign Investments

# Previous UPSC Question Marks Year
1 Comment on the important changes introduced in respect of the Long term Capital Gains Tax (LCGT) and Dividend Distribution Tax (DDT) in the Union Budget for 2018-2019. (150 Words, 10 Marks) 10 2018
2 Account for the failure of manufacturing sector in achieving the goal of labour-intensive exports rather than capital-intensive exports. Suggest measures for more labour-intensive rather than capital-intensive exports. 13 2016
3 What measures do you suggest to raise the volume of Public Savings in our country? Briefly state the importance of such savings for the contemporary economic scene. (150 words) 1996
4 What has been the rationale for deregulating commercial bank's lending rates as a policy strategy? (150 words) 1995
5 What is Partial Convertibility & rupee? What are its basic objectives? How is it going to benefit the Indian economy? (150 words) 1992
6 What are the main components of the non-Plan expenditure of the Government of India? Discuss the recent trends in the growth of this expenditure (150 words) 1989
7 Describe the organization and functions of Regional Rural Banks, Review their achievments. Is there any conflicting jurisdiction between the rural banks and the cooperative credit societies? 1983
8 What are ‘bearer bonds’ Why were special bearer bonds devised in February? What were their budgetary objectives how far such bonds achieved their objectives? 1981
9 As the resources of land are getting depleted man his turning to sea for the supply of his needs. What are the prospects of sea exploration for obtaining our requirements of food, minerals and chemicals, oil and gas? 1981

Currently there are no previous questions available.