Title: THE HEAT IS ON
Issue: Heat stress and possible water scarcity
Syllabus: General Studies-III - Disaster Management - Disaster Management - Plan, Framework, Cycle
A forecast of below average monsoon in 2019 by Skymet.
- Last year erratic rainfall flooded Kerala and crippled agriculture in eastern and western states
- There is also prospect of an El Nino, which is often associated with drought conditions
- Monsoon deficient will add pressures on rural employment and the economy as a whole
- Likelihood of heat spike during April/May
- Preparedness of the state governments to prevent loss of life and extreme distress during heat waves.
- Urban local bodies have responsibility to care for large number of vulnerable city dwellers.
- Mitigate the possible water scarcity through decentralized water-harvesting.
Measures to protect from heat wave
- Avoiding exposure during the hottest part of the day, especially senior citizens
- Staying adequately hydrated
- Wearing suitable clothing including headgears
- Creating shade in public places.
- Dissemination of weather alerts through television, mobile and social media.
- ULB’s should draw proper heat action plans and make them public.
- Adoption of rainwater harvesting and aquifer recharges.
- More focus on climate-resilient agricultural practices.
|#||Previous UPSC Question||Marks||Year|
|1||Describe various measures taken in India for Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) before and after signing ‘Sendai Framework for DRR (2015-2030)’. How is this framework different from ‘Hyogo Framework for Action, 2005’? (250 Words, 15 Marks)||15||2018|
|2||On December 2004, tsumani brought havoc on 14 countries including India. Discuss the factors responsible for occurrence of Tsunami and its effects on life and economy. In the light of guidelines of NDMA (2010) describe the mechanisms for preparedness to reduce the risk during such events.||15||2017|
|3||On December 2004, tsumani brought havoc on 14 countries including India. Discuss the factors responsible for occurrence of Tsunami and its effects on life and economy. In the light of guidelines of NDMA (2010) describe the mechanisms for preparedness to reduce the risk during such events.||13||2016|
|4||The frequency of earthquakes appears to have increased in the Indian subcontinent. However, India’s preparedness for mitigating their impact has significant gaps. Discuss various aspects. (200 words)||13||2015|
|5||How important are vulnerability and risk assessment for pre-disaster management? As an administrator, what are key areas that you would focus on in a Disaster Management System? (200 words) 10 marks||10||2013|
|6||‘In India, there appears to be more disaster of management than management of disaster.’ Comment. (150 words) 15 marks||30||2008|
|7||What is the disaster management? Discuss the steps required to tackle natural disasters. (250 words)||2005|
|8||Some experts an of the opinion that the dams and the reservoirs located in different parts of the country may lead to undesirable consequences. How far are these fears justified? What are the aims of the New Technology Policy? What steps are being taken to improve the standards of technical education? What is fluorosis? What can be done to minimise its harmful effects?||1988|
Currently there are no previous questions available.