Displaying 8 of 8 records

Title: A blow against Article 370

Issue: Article 370

Syllabus: General Studies-II - Indian Polity and Constitution - Federalism, Issues of States, Emergency Provisions

Context : Recently, 77th and 103rd constitutional amendment acts were extended to Jammu and Kashmir by a presidential order. With the concurrence of Governor during presidential order. 

Highlights : 

Erosion of Art 370

After the dissolution of constituent assembly of Jammu and kashmir, (the sole authority to give concurrence to presidential orders) many of the presidential orders were passed to extend union powers and laws to the state. These are extended to the state as amendments to Presidential order, 1954. These extensions happened with the concurrence of state government. 

Sampat Prakash case : supreme court upheld this practice. 

1986 order for extending Article 249 of the constitution

The 1986 order represents a second level of dilution. This is because it was made when J&K was under Governor’s rule as per Section 92 of the J&K Constitution. In the absence of an elected council of ministers, Governor’s concurrence was considered as the concurrence of the state Government. 

2019 Presidential order to extend 77th and 103rd constitutional amendment acts - This order was given when state was under presidential rule. The Presidential order passed was approved by governor. During presidential rule - Governor exercises all powers subject to supervision and control of president. 

Evidence / Background

Art 370 

  1. Only those provisions of the Indian constitution that correspond to Instrument of accession should be applied to the state. 
  2. Other articles of the constitution that gave powers to union Government central Government would be applied to the state with the concurrence of state constituent assembly. 
  3. Various constitutional powers of central Government can be extended to state only with he concurrence of the state Government. This concurrence was only provisional. The state Government’s authority to give concurrence lasted only until the state constituent assembly was constituted. 
  4. Art 370 could be abrogated or amended only upon the recommendation of the state consistent assembly. 
  5. It is supposed to be a temporary provision that was expected to be abrogated by constituent assembly. It did not do so and today with various judgements of SC and HC, it has become a permanent provision. 
  6. After the dissolution of state constituent assembly, only authority that extend the powers of centre ceased to exist. 

Take Home points : from 1954 presidential order to today, there is erosion of Art 370 and there by erosion of  autonomy to Jammu and Kashmir. 

Keywords:
 

# Previous UPSC Question Marks Year
1 Assess the importance of the Panchayat system in India as a part of local government. Apart from government grants, what sources the Panchayats can look out for financing developmental projects? (15) 2018
2 “The local self government system in India has not proved to be effective instrument of governance”. Critically examine the statement and give your views to improve the situation. (150 words) 2017
3 Discuss the essentials of the 69th Constitutional Amendment Act and anomalies, if any that have led to recent reported conflicts between the elected representatives and the institution of the Lieutenant Governor in the administration of Delhi. Do you think that this will give rise to a new trend in the functioning of the Indian federal politics? 2016
4 The concept of cooperative federalism has been increasingly emphasized in recent years. Highlight the drawbacks in the existing structure and the extent to which cooperative federalism would answer the shortcomings. (200 words) 15 marks 2015
5 In absence of a well-educated and organized local level government system, `Panchayats’ and ‘Samitis’ have remained mainly political institutions and not effective instruments of governance. Critically discuss. (200 words) 15 marks 2015
6 Recent directives from Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas are perceived by the ‘Nagas’ as a threat to override the exceptional status enjoyed by the State. Discuss in light of Article 371A of the Indian Constitution. (200 words) 10 marks 2013
7 Many States Governments further bifurcate geographical administrative areas like Districts and Talukas for better governance. In light of the above, can it also be justified that more number of smaller States would bring in effective governance at State level? Discuss. (200 words) 10 marks 2013
8 Examine the demand for greater state autonomy and its impact on the smooth functioning of India polity. (150 words) 15 marks 20 2008
9 What are the exceptions when the President of India is not bound by the aid and advice of the Council of Ministers? (150 words) 2007
10 Comment on the financial relation between the Union and the States in India. Has post-1991 liberlization in any way affected it? (250 words) 2005
11 Would you say that the implementation of the Panchayati System in the last ten years has led to a real restructuring of the Indian polity? (250 words) 2005
12 Discuss how State government can exercise control over panchayats. (150 words) 2004
13 Discuss the question of death sentence and Presidential clemency. (250 words) 2003
14 Explain the discretionary powers of the Governor of a State. (250 words) 2003
15 “The issue of a hung Parliament adversely affects the stability of Indian Government”. Discuss the statement and point out how far changing over to the Presidential form of government will be a solution to this problem. (250 words) 2002
16 What is the composition of the Electoral college for the election of the President of the Indian Republic? How is the value of the votes cast counted? (250 words) 2002
17 Discuss the administrative relation between the centre and the states in the light of recent controversies. (250 words) 2001
18 Comment on the nature of Ordinance-making power of the President of India. What safeguards are there against possible misuse? (150 words) 2001
19 Distinguish between Cabinet Secretariat and Prime Ministers Secretariat. Which of these is more important? (150 words) 2001
20 Examine the demand for greater State-autonomy and also its impact on the smooth functioning of the Indian polity. (250 words) 2000
21 Discuss the major extra-constitutional factors influencing the working of federal polity in India. (150 words) 2000
22 On what grounds the Legislative Councils are justified? How is it created or abolished in a State? (150 words) 1998
23 What role can the Union Government play in settling interstate water disputes? 150 Words 1996
24 Describe the non-federal features of the Council of States. 150 words 1995
25 What are the essentials of a true federation? Analyse the nature of the Indian federation (About 250 words). 1993
26 Describe the powers and functions of the Council of States. Compare its powers with those of the House of the People (About 250 words). 1993
27 Bring out the main change in the Panchayati Raj System in India through the Seventy Third Constitutional Amendment Act? (150 Words) 1993
28 What are Zonal Councils? Discuss their constitution, role and importance in achieving interstate comity (About 250 words). 1992
29 Examine whether the grant of greater autonomy to the States would be in the interest of strengthening the integrity and promoting the economic development of the country, especially in the light of recent happenings in our Country (About 250 words). 1991
30 ‘The planning operation's in India have led to erosion of federalism.’ Discuss.(150 Words ) 1991
31 The emphasis in modern federations should not be one division and separation but on Collaboration and on Cooperation. Discuss the statement in the context of Indian Policy (In about 250 words). 1990
32 What were the objectives in having three separate legislative list in the Constitution of India. Can the Parliament make any law regard to any item in the state list?Does any of the issue arising from the above give rise to Union State controversies 1983
33 What were the aims with which Panchayati raj was created in India?Have these aims been fulfilled? What is the present situation obtaining in the country? 1983
34 Planning and federalism make uneasy partners , the planning operations in India have led to the erosion of federalism , discuss [250] words 1982
35 Analyse the causes of controversy in India, in recent years in regard to Union-State relations. What are the specific areas? Consider the main issues and offer your comments and suggestions (About 400 words). 50 1981

Currently there are no previous questions available.


Title: A deal at last?

Issue: Naga Framework agreement

Syllabus: General Studies-II - Indian Polity and Constitution - Federalism, Issues of States, Emergency Provisions

Context : The Naga Framework Agreement is back in the news after the Centre’s main interlocutor in  Nagaland, R.N. Ravi, visited the State to tie up loose ends before a final deal is sealed.

Highlights :

Difficulties in arriving at a deal with Nagas 

  1. Nagas do not live in a single territory. They are spread across Nagaland, Manipur, Assam and Arunachal Pradesh.
  2. Nagas have always been been driven by clan and tribe loyalty. During time of British, christianity became their major religion. Even today, religious identity is unable to win their loyalties from clan or tribe. The first idea of borders came in to the mind of Nagas only through British Eastern frontier regulation act. Added to this Naga Men fought world war 1 formed Naga Club in 1918. It was the first collective expression by different tribes inhabiting Nagaland and the hills of Manipur to come under a common umbrella. 
  3. Today, There is an extortion going in Nagaland by the so called Naga National Workers. 
  4. There are many factions among the Nagas themselves fighting for Naga cause. With whom Government has to negotiate is a major issue. 

Evidence : Nil

Take Home points : Taking Naga framework agreement to final Agreement is not an easy Task. 

Keywords:
 

# Previous UPSC Question Marks Year
1 Assess the importance of the Panchayat system in India as a part of local government. Apart from government grants, what sources the Panchayats can look out for financing developmental projects? (15) 2018
2 “The local self government system in India has not proved to be effective instrument of governance”. Critically examine the statement and give your views to improve the situation. (150 words) 2017
3 Discuss the essentials of the 69th Constitutional Amendment Act and anomalies, if any that have led to recent reported conflicts between the elected representatives and the institution of the Lieutenant Governor in the administration of Delhi. Do you think that this will give rise to a new trend in the functioning of the Indian federal politics? 2016
4 The concept of cooperative federalism has been increasingly emphasized in recent years. Highlight the drawbacks in the existing structure and the extent to which cooperative federalism would answer the shortcomings. (200 words) 15 marks 2015
5 In absence of a well-educated and organized local level government system, `Panchayats’ and ‘Samitis’ have remained mainly political institutions and not effective instruments of governance. Critically discuss. (200 words) 15 marks 2015
6 Recent directives from Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas are perceived by the ‘Nagas’ as a threat to override the exceptional status enjoyed by the State. Discuss in light of Article 371A of the Indian Constitution. (200 words) 10 marks 2013
7 Many States Governments further bifurcate geographical administrative areas like Districts and Talukas for better governance. In light of the above, can it also be justified that more number of smaller States would bring in effective governance at State level? Discuss. (200 words) 10 marks 2013
8 Examine the demand for greater state autonomy and its impact on the smooth functioning of India polity. (150 words) 15 marks 20 2008
9 What are the exceptions when the President of India is not bound by the aid and advice of the Council of Ministers? (150 words) 2007
10 Comment on the financial relation between the Union and the States in India. Has post-1991 liberlization in any way affected it? (250 words) 2005
11 Would you say that the implementation of the Panchayati System in the last ten years has led to a real restructuring of the Indian polity? (250 words) 2005
12 Discuss how State government can exercise control over panchayats. (150 words) 2004
13 Discuss the question of death sentence and Presidential clemency. (250 words) 2003
14 Explain the discretionary powers of the Governor of a State. (250 words) 2003
15 “The issue of a hung Parliament adversely affects the stability of Indian Government”. Discuss the statement and point out how far changing over to the Presidential form of government will be a solution to this problem. (250 words) 2002
16 What is the composition of the Electoral college for the election of the President of the Indian Republic? How is the value of the votes cast counted? (250 words) 2002
17 Discuss the administrative relation between the centre and the states in the light of recent controversies. (250 words) 2001
18 Comment on the nature of Ordinance-making power of the President of India. What safeguards are there against possible misuse? (150 words) 2001
19 Distinguish between Cabinet Secretariat and Prime Ministers Secretariat. Which of these is more important? (150 words) 2001
20 Examine the demand for greater State-autonomy and also its impact on the smooth functioning of the Indian polity. (250 words) 2000
21 Discuss the major extra-constitutional factors influencing the working of federal polity in India. (150 words) 2000
22 On what grounds the Legislative Councils are justified? How is it created or abolished in a State? (150 words) 1998
23 What role can the Union Government play in settling interstate water disputes? 150 Words 1996
24 Describe the non-federal features of the Council of States. 150 words 1995
25 What are the essentials of a true federation? Analyse the nature of the Indian federation (About 250 words). 1993
26 Describe the powers and functions of the Council of States. Compare its powers with those of the House of the People (About 250 words). 1993
27 Bring out the main change in the Panchayati Raj System in India through the Seventy Third Constitutional Amendment Act? (150 Words) 1993
28 What are Zonal Councils? Discuss their constitution, role and importance in achieving interstate comity (About 250 words). 1992
29 Examine whether the grant of greater autonomy to the States would be in the interest of strengthening the integrity and promoting the economic development of the country, especially in the light of recent happenings in our Country (About 250 words). 1991
30 ‘The planning operation's in India have led to erosion of federalism.’ Discuss.(150 Words ) 1991
31 The emphasis in modern federations should not be one division and separation but on Collaboration and on Cooperation. Discuss the statement in the context of Indian Policy (In about 250 words). 1990
32 What were the objectives in having three separate legislative list in the Constitution of India. Can the Parliament make any law regard to any item in the state list?Does any of the issue arising from the above give rise to Union State controversies 1983
33 What were the aims with which Panchayati raj was created in India?Have these aims been fulfilled? What is the present situation obtaining in the country? 1983
34 Planning and federalism make uneasy partners , the planning operations in India have led to the erosion of federalism , discuss [250] words 1982
35 Analyse the causes of controversy in India, in recent years in regard to Union-State relations. What are the specific areas? Consider the main issues and offer your comments and suggestions (About 400 words). 50 1981

Currently there are no previous questions available.


Title: What we need is a commons manifesto

Issue: sustainable development

Syllabus: General Studies-III - Environment - Environmental Degradation

Context : Author argues that India shall handle its land usage better. 

Highlights : 

  1. In the name of development forests, are been cleared. Indigenous people are evacuated from the forests for the needs of industry. 
  2. Coastal regulation Zone notification - was diluted to allow denser construction of temporary facilities as 10m of waterline. 
  3. At the Grass root level Poromboke lands used for grazing are been covered with concrete pavements. open, Unbuilt spaces are no more existing. 
  4. Paved Surfaces are a great obstruction for percolation of water and are also a reason for Urban floods occurred in chennai, Banglore and Hyderabad. 

Take Home points : a Manifesto for the protection of the commons and Open lands is necessary from every political party. 

Keywords:
 

# Previous UPSC Question Marks Year
1 Explain the phenomenon of ozone depletion, its cause and effects . What efforts are needed to reduce it. (250 words) 2007
2 Examine the effect of economic development on environmental degradation in India. (150 words) 2004
3 What is Integrated Wastelands Development Programme? (150 words) 2002
4 Write briefly about the Desert Development Programme. (150 words) 2002
5 There is a wide-spread concern about the degradation of environment and the problem that go with it. Assess the international response. (150 words) 2000
6 How is deforestation of Himalayas disturbing the ecological balance of north India? (150 words) 1999
7 What is ozone hole? How is it caused and what are its implications for life on Earth? (150 words) 1999
8 Which parts of India have been identified as draught prone? Mention the norms for such identification. (150 words) 1998
9 Why has the Narmada River Valley Project attracted the attention of the common people? (150 words) 1997
10 Which parts of India are described as ‘arid zones’ Comment on the characteristics and economic activities prevalent in these regions? (150 words) 1993
11 . Account for the varied environmental problems resulting from wide spread deforestation in both Aravallis and Himalayan regions. (150 words) 1991
12 What are the main recommendations of the Montreal Protocol to protect the Ozone layer? What are the implications for India of the latest convention held at London (About 250 words)? 1990
13 What is Sardar Sarovar Project? What is the nature of the controversy surrounding it? (150 words) 1989
14 List major areas of wasteland in India. Discuss on the prospects of Wasteland development ,briefly explaining it impact on the food, fodder and fuel supply. 1986
15 Felling of trees indiscriminately is considered a crime against society. Why is there emphasis against indiscriminate felling and for planting new ones? Discuss the present policy of Farm forestry in our country. 1983

Currently there are no previous questions available.


Title: The tragic heroes of Anti IS war

Issue: Kurds and Kurdistan

Syllabus: General Studies-II - International Relations - International Institutions and Global Groupings

Context : Here the Author intends to tell that Kurds do not have a place of their own. All the countries Syria, Iran, Turkey are not interested to respect the aspirations of kurds for Kurdistan. 

Highlights:

  1. Kurds were spread across Iraq, Iran, Syria, and Turkey. They are the major fighters in war against ISIS in Iraq and Syria. In Iraq, Peshmerga (Armed wing of Iraqi kurds) worked with Shia Militias, Iran national army to throw out ISIS. 
  2. In Syrian Kurdistan, people protection units of Kurdish militia is most successful in taking back land fro ISIS. Today, they are part of Syrian Democratic forces launched by USA. 
  3. On the other side, Turkish Kurds and their party Kurdistan workers party was declared as a terrorist organisation by Turkey Government. Turkey do not want to have a region ruled by Kurds close to tis borders with Syria. It aims to create a buffer zone. 
  4. Syrian Government declared that it ill retake each inch of its territory lost during civil war including Syrian Kurdistan. Iran has its own Kurdish problem. 
  5. President Trump already announced withdrawal of troops from Syria. Now that the Caliphate is destroyed, the U.S. has no strategic reason to continue troops in Syria. 

Evidence: Nil

Take Home Points : If USA pulls out troops without securing a deal for the Kurds, a tragic fate could be awaiting the heroes who brought down the IS Caliphate.

Keywords:
 

# Previous UPSC Question Marks Year
1 A number of outside powers have entrenched themselves in Central Asia, which is a zone of interest to India. Discuss the implications, in this context, of India’s joining the Ashgabat Agreement, 2018. (10) 2018
2 What are the key areas of reform if the WTO has to survive in the present context of ‘Trade War’, especially keeping in mind the interest of India? (15) 2018
3 What are the main functions of the United Nations Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC)? Explain different functional commissions attached to it. (150 words) 2017
4 Evaluate the economic and strategic dimensions of India’s Look East Policy in the context of the post-Cold War international scenario. 2016
5 What are the aims and objectives of the McBride Commission of the UNESCO? What is India’s position on these? 2016
6 Discuss the impediments India is facing in its pursuit of a permanent seat in UN Security Council. (200 words) 15 marks 2015
7 The aim of Information Technology Agreements (ITAs) is to lower all taxes and tariffs on information technology products by signatories to zero. What impact would such agreements have on India’s interests? (200 words) 10 marks 2014
8 Some of the International funding agencies have special terms for economic participation stipulating a substantial component of the aid to be used for sourcing equipment from the leading countries. Discuss on merits of such terms and if there exists a strong case not to accept such conditions in the India context. (200 words) 10 marks 2014
9 India has recently signed to become founding member of New Development Bank (NDB) and also the Asian Infrastructure Bank (AIIB). How will the role of the two Banks be different? Discuss the strategic significance of these two Banks for India. (200 words) 10 marks 2014
10 WTO is an important international institution where decisions taken affect countries in a profound manner. What is the mandate of WTO and how binding are their decisions? Critically analyse India’s stand on the latest round of talks on Food security. (200 words) 10 marks 2014
11 Economic ties between India and Japan while growing in the recent years are still far below their potential. Elucidate the policy constraints which are inhibiting this growth. (200 words) 10 marks 2013
12 What is meant by Gujral doctrine? Does it have any relevance today? Discuss. (200 words) 10 marks 2013
13 The World Bank and the IMF, collectively known as the Bretton Woods Institutions, are the two inter-governmental pillars supporting the structure of the world’s economic and financial order. Superficially, the World Bank and the IMF exhibit many common characteristics, yet their role, functions aznd mandate are distinctly different. Elucidate. (200 words) 10 marks 2013
14 Compare the significance of IBSA and BRICS in the context of India’s multilateral diplomacy. 20 2012
15 Discuss India’s stand on agricultural issues in WTO’s Ministerial Conferences since Doha Round. (250 words) 15 marks. 20 2008
16 Elaborate on India's Nuclear Doctrine. (150 marks) 2007
17 What is Dumping? Evaluate the remedial measures taken by Government of India vis-à-vis WTO provisions regarding dumping. (250 words) 20 2007
18 What do we understand by ‘Doha Round’ of talks? (125 words) 2006
19 Discuss the importance of world Trade Organization (WTO) to Indian economy in the light of various opportunities and challenges at the global level. (250 words) 2006
20 Present a complete picture of India’s effort for a permanent seat in the UN security Council. (150 words) 2005
21 Explain the political and economic implications of the Indo-Iran gas pipeline. (150 words) 2005
22 What is WTO? What are India's objections to its overall functioning? (125 words) 2004
23 Explain India's strategic relationship with Russia. (150 words) 2004
24 Account for India's increasing involvement in the South-East Asian region. (150 words) 2004
25 Describe the role of the Amnesty International in securing human rights. (150 words) 2004
26 What is the ‘Veto’ in the UN-system? (150 words) 2003
27 Discuss the role of the NATO after the end of the Cold War . (150 words) 2003
28 Discuss the role of the United Nations in the protection and promotion of Human Rights. 2003
29 Was Jawaharlal Nehru justified in adopting the principle of non-alignment as the corner-stone of India’s foreign policy? (150 words) 2000
30 How can India accommodate her foreign policy principle of ‘non-intervention’ with the emerging right to ‘intervention’? (150 words) 2000
31 20th century was century of oil, 21st century would be the century of natural gas. Comment. 250 Words 1997
32 SAARC Summit has been considered as a ‘non-starter’ by some political observers while for others it has marked a watershed. Explain the two view points (About 250 words) 1995
33 Examine the present status of Indo-US relations. What are the major irritants in the relations between the two countries (35)? 250 words 1994
34 Twenty-five years term of Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty will come to an end in 1995. Some important members want it to be renewed; as it is, for another 25 or 50 years. What are its basic provisions and how will its renewal adversely affect India's interests (35)? (250 Words) 1992
35 Who were the main participants at the West Asian Peace Conference in Madrid and what were the main issues confronting the participants? What do you think has been achieved at the meet (35)? (250 Words) 1991
36 Briefly describe the chain of major events towards the end of 1991 which led to the dissolution of the Soviet Union and the resignation of Mikhail Gorbachov. Who assumed the Soviet Unions membership in the United Nations including that in the Security Council (About 250 words). 1991
37 What main topics were discussed at the NATO Summit at Rome recently and indicate the main trends which emerged out of it? (150 Words) 1991
38 What is ‘South South Commission’ When and where was it formed? Who are its President and General Secretary? What are its main objectives (About 200 words)? (35) 1987
39 How far in your opinion is the recent Indo US agreement on technology transfer likely to help us? what are the disadvantages? 1985
40 Mention the main provisions related to the treaty related to the use of High Seas under the International Laws as adopted in 1982.Name the countries which opposed the above Law of Sea Convention and have not ratified yet. 1983
41 How often did the heads of the State Government of the Non aligned countries meet? When and where did it meet first? Who is the chairman of NAM now? What were the main points agreed to at the last meeting of the Conference of the Head of the States. What was included in the “New Delhi Message”? 1982
42 When was the Treaty of Peace, Friendship and Cooperation between the Republic of India and the Union of Soviet Republic signed? What are the important of the treaty and what is its duration? How has the Treaty served India’s interests? Does it affect India’s position as a prominent members of the Non-aligned Group of Nations (Not more than 150 words)? 25 1981
43 What is ‘Commonwealth’ of Nations? Who are eligible for its membership? What are its aims? How does it function? Has any member left the Commonwealth (Not more than 150 words)? 25 1980
44 Why were the states of India ‘reorganised’ in 1950? Do you think that the policy has served the purpose which the Government had in view? Give reasons for your views. 25 1980
45 Why was ASEAN formed? Who are its members? What has ASEAN achieved so far? What stand has it taken in respect of problems in Afganistan and Kampuchea (Not more than 150 words)? 25 1980
46 The policy of nonalignment was enunciated by Pandit Nehru and it has become a cornerstone of the foreign policy of independent India. What are the principles underlying the concept of nonalignment? Has this policy been fruitful? Give reasons for your views (Not more than 150words).25 1980

Currently there are no previous questions available.


Title: Temple and state

Issue: HR & CE [Hindu Religious and Charitable Endowments] temple laws

Syllabus: General Studies-I - Society - Secularism

Context : Rajya Sabha MP Mr. Subramanya Sway filed a Writ Petition before Supreme Court to quash all “State HR CE  (Hindu Religious and Charitable Endowments) temple laws unconstitutional. 

 

Highlights: 

  1. state control and administration of Hindu temples is seen as an integral part of century old Dravidian Movement. 
  2. In 1925, the government constituted the Hindu Religious and Charitable Endowments Board, which was vested with the power to control and supervise the administration of temples and appoint officials for proper administration. Around the same time, Periyar’s Vaikom movement sparked a revolution on temple entry and worship by the backward castes.
  3. In 1970, the M. Karunanidhi-led Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam government amended the HR&CE Act to allow appointments of priests. For the first time, this challenged hereditary priesthood. The first Backward caste Priest was appointed in 2018. 

 

Take Home Points : Calls to ‘liberate’ temples from the state goes against the social justice ethos of the Dravidian movement and the law. 

Keywords:
 

# Previous UPSC Question Marks Year
1 How the Indian concept of secularism different from the western model of secularism? Discuss. (10) 10 2018

Currently there are no previous questions available.


Title: Slow on sanitation

Issue: sewage management

Syllabus: General Studies-II - Social Justice and Development - Vulnerable Sections of population

Context: six people died after inhaling toxic gasses from a. Septic tank. 

Highlights : 

  1. In India most of the towns are unsewered. Sanitation standards are low. 
  2. the Prohibition of Employment as Manual Scavengers and their Rehabilitation Act, 2013 makes the use of  labour to clean septic tanks an offence punishable with imprisonment of two years or with a fine of ₹2 lakh or both. But, many of the municipal bodies themselves violate this law blatantly.
  3. Technology like Faecal sludge treatment plants, robotics for cleaning can help reduce the incidence of mortality. 

Take Home point : Policymakers have failed to use technological advances made in treating faecal sludge

Keywords:
 

# Previous UPSC Question Marks Year
1 Multiplicity of various commissions for the vulnerable sections of the society leads to problems of overlapping jurisdiction and duplication of functions. Is it better to merge all commissions into an umbrella Human Rights Commission? Argue your case. (15) 15 2018
2 ‘To ensure effective implementation of policies addressing water, sanitation and hygiene needs, the identification of beneficiary segments is to be synchronized with the anticipated outcomes’ Examine the statement in the context of the WASH scheme. (150 words) 10 2017
3 Does the Rights of Persons with Disabilities Act, 2016 ensure effective mechanism for empowerment and inclusion of the intended beneficiaries in the society? Discuss (150 words) 10 2017
4 The concept of Mid Day Meal (MDM) scheme is almost a century old in India with early beginnings in Madras Presidency in pre-independent India. The scheme has again been given impetus in most states in the last two decades. Critically examine its twin objectives, latest mandates and success: (200 words) 10 marks 10 2013
5 The Central Government frequently complains on the poor performance of the State Governments in eradicating suffering of the vulnerable sections of the society. Restructuring of Centrally sponsored schemes across the sectors for ameliorating the cause of vulnerable sections of population aims at providing flexibility to the States in better implementation. Critically evaluate. (200 words) 10 marks 10 2013
6 The Union Cabinet recently cleared the proposal to rename and amend the Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Act, 1986. What are the salient features of the proposed amendments? 20 2012
7 Bring out the salient features of the PCPNDT Act 1994, and the implications of its amendment in 2003. (250 words) 15 marks. 20 2011
8 What are your views on the features and impact of the POCSO Act 2012? (150 words) 10 marks. 20 2009
9 Discuss the steps to get rid of child labour in India. (250 words) 2007
10 Integrated Child Services (lCDS) Development. (125 words) 2007
11 What are the problems related to the rehabilitation of the mentally challenged persons in India? (125 words) 2006
12 Discuss the steps taken by Government to check child labour and promote child welfare. (250 words) 2003
13 Write briefly about the Programmes for ‘Welfare of the Disabled’. (150 words) 2002
14 Discuss the propositions laid down by the Supreme Court of India in the context of Torture in Prisons and Human Dignity. (250 words) 2000
15 What is Social Justice? How can reservation of seats for women in Parliament contribute to the establishment of a socially just society in India (About 250 words) 1997
16 Give your assessment on land reforms in India (About 250 words) 1997
17 What specific provisions exists in the Constitution of India about child labour? 150 words 1997
18 What are the major recommendations of the Swaminathan Committee's Draft National Population Policy, relating to gender issues? (150 words) 1994
19 What are the major recommendations of the Swaminathan Committee's Draft National Population Policy, relating to gender issues? (150 Words) 1994
20 Why has the question of child labour become more important recently? How is it going to affect India? (150 Words ) 1993
21 What is meant by population explosion? Has it occurred in India. (150 words) 1989
22 What are the main causes of anti-reservation stir in India ? what are the provisions in our constitution regarding reservation ? Do you consider the policy on reservation is bad ? 1985
23 Analyse the situation in the Northeastern States what steps are being taken and could be taken to restore it to normally having regard to the strategic these States, the intersts and aspirations of the different communities and classes of people living there and the paramount importance of national integration (About 500 words). 65 1982
24 Why has there been reservation of seats for Scheduled Caste and Tribes in the legislatures and in public services? How the purpose been achieved? Indicate recent developments. 1981
25 Situation of law and order has become unstable increasingly in many parts of India. What are the main reasons for the deterioration in law and order position? How are the State Governments trying to control crimes’ What further steps would you suggest with a view to provide a greater sense of security in the minds of the people specially those, who belong to the vulnerable sections of the society and live in remote areas (Not more than 150 words). 25 1980

Currently there are no previous questions available.


Title: saving jet

Issue: Jet airways crisis

Syllabus: General Studies-III - Indian Economy - Services Sector - Services Sector in India - Present Status

Context : Public sector banks came up together to save Jet Airways from bankruptcy. 

Highlights: 

  1. Insolvency and Bankruptcy code was enacted to solve the situations like Jet Airways. Any solution outside IBC code can dilute its sanctity. 
  2. Banks are ill suited to run an airline. They need to find a buyer immediately to offload their stakes. 

 

Take home Points : finding a solution to Jet Airways issue outside Insolvency and Bankruptcy code is unwelcome. 

Keywords:
 

Currently there are no previous questions available.

Currently there are no previous questions available.


Title: Successful anti-satellite missile test puts India in elite club

Issue: Anti satellite Missile

Syllabus: General Studies-III - Science and Technology - Space Technologies

Context : India, successfully conducted an anti satellite missile test under mission Shakti from wheeler island, Odisha. 

Highlights: 

  1. ASAT is a modified interceptor missile for the ballistic missile defence system. 
  2. Low Earth orbit was chosen to minimise debris. 
  3. Till date , only USA, Russia and China have this technology. 
  4. Prime Minister announces launch is for peace and not war mongering. 

 

Take Home Point : India is in the elite club of countries that have anti satellite missile technology. 

Keywords:
 

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Currently there are no previous questions available.