Displaying 6 of 6 records

Title: Balancing work

Issue: ILO report: ‘A quantum leap for gender equality: For a better future of work for all

Syllabus: General Studies-I - Society - Role of women and women's organisations

Context

ILO report emphasises on underlyign gender bias in unpaid care work is a critical factor contributing to Gender inequality. 

Highlights

The impact of unpaid work on women manifests itself at many levels.

  1. There is motherhood penalty (which means that mothers in the workforce experience additional disadvantages compared to women who are not mothers)

  2. there is also the parenthood employment gap that unfairly privileges fathers. There is a wage penalty associated with motherhood, as opposed to a wage premium linked to fatherhood, over an entire career span.This translates into a leadership penalty.

  3. A skewed distribution of unpaid work yields unequal dividends from educational attainments. Among women and men having equal qualifiaitons, men have better yields comapred to women. 

Evidence

  1. Onlyabout 25% of women with young children are said to occupy managerial positions. This contrasts with some 75% among fathers in comparable situations.

  2. Among adults with a university degree, 41.5% of women are either unemployed or outside the labour force, compared to 17.2% among men

Take Home Points

A rebalancing of current roles is critical to expand thearena of paid work for women. It promotes women’s participation in the workforce.

Keywords:
 

# Previous UPSC Question Marks Year
1 ‘Women’s movement in India has not addressed the issues of women of lower social strata.’ Substantiate your view. (15) 15 2018
2 The women’s questions arose in modern India as a part of the 19th century social reform movement. What are the major issues and debates concerning women in that period? (250 words) 15 2017
3 “Male membership needs to be encouraged in order to make women’s organization free from gender bias.” Comment. (200 words) 10 marks 10 2013
4 What efforts have been made for the upliftment of women in Ninetenth Century till the present day 1985
5 In recent times bride burning has increased. Women are tortured for not bringing sufficient dowry. Why such cases are rare amongst Muslims? What measures are being taken by the government to end this pernicious system of dowry and bride burning? What further steps can be taken in your opinion. 1983
6 The most striking change in our social life today is the improved statures of women. Who and what organisations helped their cause enabling them to attain that present status? What important safeguards have been provided in the Constitution and the laws of the land for protection of women's interests? In what directions are further legal measures for their protection called for (Not more than 200 words)? 1980

Currently there are no previous questions available.


Title: Delaying bad news

Issue: Indian accounting standards (Ind AS)

Syllabus: General Studies-III - Indian Economy - Economic Development - Mobilization of resources, Financial Intermediation (Banking, Insurance, Capital Markets, External resources)

Context

RBI postponed the implementation of the Indian Accounting standards norms for banks indefinitely, citing the need for amendments to be made to be made by the relevant banking laws. 

Highlights

  1. The RBI had initially planned to implement the norms starting April 1, 2018 in order to bring Indian accounting standards in line
    with international standards. 

  2. Under the proposed norms, financial institutions like banks will have to calculate expected credit losses (ECL) on their loans during each reporting period and make necessary adjustments to their profit-and-loss account even before a borrower may default on a certain loan. It means that banks shall improve their ability to forecast future credit losses with precision. 

  3. so, adoption of the accounting standard could cause significant credit losses to banks, which will be forced to prematurely recognise losses on their loans and build up the necessary underlying capital required to overcome the impact of such losses.

Evidence

According to estimates made by India Ratings & Research, public sector banks would have to make additional provision of over a trillion rupees if the norms are adopted right away.

Take Home Points

Banks that do not recognise their problems will likely not resolve them. so, implementation of Indian accounting standards is essential to identify and resolve the problem of NPA's as eary as possible. 

Keywords:
 

# Previous UPSC Question Marks Year
1 Comment on the important changes introduced in respect of the Long term Capital Gains Tax (LCGT) and Dividend Distribution Tax (DDT) in the Union Budget for 2018-2019. (150 Words, 10 Marks) 10 2018
2 Account for the failure of manufacturing sector in achieving the goal of labour-intensive exports rather than capital-intensive exports. Suggest measures for more labour-intensive rather than capital-intensive exports. 13 2016
3 What measures do you suggest to raise the volume of Public Savings in our country? Briefly state the importance of such savings for the contemporary economic scene. (150 words) 1996
4 What has been the rationale for deregulating commercial bank's lending rates as a policy strategy? (150 words) 1995
5 What is Partial Convertibility & rupee? What are its basic objectives? How is it going to benefit the Indian economy? (150 words) 1992
6 What are the main components of the non-Plan expenditure of the Government of India? Discuss the recent trends in the growth of this expenditure (150 words) 1989
7 Describe the organization and functions of Regional Rural Banks, Review their achievments. Is there any conflicting jurisdiction between the rural banks and the cooperative credit societies? 1983
8 What are ‘bearer bonds’ Why were special bearer bonds devised in February? What were their budgetary objectives how far such bonds achieved their objectives? 1981
9 As the resources of land are getting depleted man his turning to sea for the supply of his needs. What are the prospects of sea exploration for obtaining our requirements of food, minerals and chemicals, oil and gas? 1981

Currently there are no previous questions available.


Title: Paradigm shift for TB control

Issue: Tuberculosis (TB)

Syllabus: General Studies-II - Social Justice and Development - Social Sector - Health

Context

Reently, PM of India at End TB summit stated that India would end TB by 2025. 

Highlights

    1. India launched National TB Programme in 1962 and Extended programme of immunisation in 1978. They failed to yield substantial results. 
    2. In 1993, RNTCP was launched offering free diagnosis and Treatment for Patients. RNTCP is very successful in controlling TB relatd Mortality. But, it did not redice spread of infection. 
    3. The major reason for this is delay in diagnosis and care giving for TB. 
    4. Early identificaiton of disease, early start of treatment are essential to reduce Pulmonary TB - an important source for spread of infection. It needs Public particiaption, behavioural education for people diagnosed with TB. 

Evidence

Thiruvannamalai Model

  1. Involvement of Public - especially rotary movement
  2. Health Etiquette training : People diagnosed with TB shall cober their Nose and Mouth while coughing and shall avoid spitting in open spaces ( TB transpits through air droplets and infected sputum)
  3. Tuberculosis skin test is done on cohorts of students. Based on results, identificaiton of TB patients at home among adults became easy. people who are tested positive were given preventive treatment. 

Take Home Points

TB control in India need early diagnosis and Treatment. Involvement in PHC's, people in this job is crucial. 

Keywords:
 

# Previous UPSC Question Marks Year
1 Appropriate local community level healthcare intervention is a prerequisite to achieve ‘Health for All’ in India. Explain. 10 2018
2 Professor Amartya Sen has advocated important reforms in the realms of primary education and primary health care. What are your suggestions to improve their status and performance? 13 2016
3 “Demographic Dividend in India will remain only theoretical unless our manpower becomes more educated, aware, skilled and creative.” What measures have been taken by the government to enhance the capacity of our population to be more productive and employable? 13 2016
4 The quality of higher education in India requires major improvements to make it internationally competitive. Do you think that the entry of foreign educational institutions would help improve the quality of higher and technical education in the country? Discuss. (200 words) 15 marks 13 2015
5 Public health system has limitations in providing universal health coverage. Do you think that the private sector could help in bridging the gap? What other viable alternatives would you suggest? (200 words) 15 marks 13 2015
6 Should the premier institutes like IITs/ IIMs be allowed to retain premier status, allowed more academic independence in designing course and also decide mode/ criteria of selection of students. Discuss in light of the growing challenges. (200 words) 10 marks 13 2014
7 Identify the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) that are related to health. Discuss the success of the actions taken by the Government for achieving the same. (200 words) 10 marks 10 2013
8 Mushrooming of Higher Educational Institutions was a matter of grave concern for Yashpal committee. With reference to the relevant portion of that report give your views on how to harmonize private investment and quality of education. (150 words) 10 marks 20 2009
9 Is greater spending on education linked to higher literacy?'' Discuss. (125 words) 2004
10 What is immunization? Mention the steps being taken to immunize the rural population against common diseases to which they are generally prove. 1987
11 Assess the success and failure of India education and indicate the desirable changes needed in the present system (About 200 words). 1979
12 Assess the success and failure of India education and indicate the desirable changes needed in the present system (About 200 words). 1979

Currently there are no previous questions available.


Title: The point of having democracy

Issue: Democracy and Development

Syllabus: General Studies-II - Social Justice and Development - Vulnerable Sections of population

Context

Author Argues that Development is the essence of Democracy. Rising opportunities, living standards for the people shall be the end of the democracy. 

Highlights

  1. Nehru stated that  “creating a just state by just means [and] creating a secular state in  a religious country” are the major challenges in nation building. 
  2. Creation of a just state by Just needs shall focus on social Justice and development for all. This can only happen with a public policy focussed on capacity building through Health and Education. 
  3. Second aspect of this is generation of employment and creation of opportunities for all. Economy shall be managed in such a way that Government shall create pre conditions for employment Generation. 

Evidence

Nil

Take home Points

The end of Democracy is Demos - that is people and content of their lives. 

Keywords:
 

# Previous UPSC Question Marks Year
1 Multiplicity of various commissions for the vulnerable sections of the society leads to problems of overlapping jurisdiction and duplication of functions. Is it better to merge all commissions into an umbrella Human Rights Commission? Argue your case. (15) 15 2018
2 ‘To ensure effective implementation of policies addressing water, sanitation and hygiene needs, the identification of beneficiary segments is to be synchronized with the anticipated outcomes’ Examine the statement in the context of the WASH scheme. (150 words) 10 2017
3 Does the Rights of Persons with Disabilities Act, 2016 ensure effective mechanism for empowerment and inclusion of the intended beneficiaries in the society? Discuss (150 words) 10 2017
4 The concept of Mid Day Meal (MDM) scheme is almost a century old in India with early beginnings in Madras Presidency in pre-independent India. The scheme has again been given impetus in most states in the last two decades. Critically examine its twin objectives, latest mandates and success: (200 words) 10 marks 10 2013
5 The Central Government frequently complains on the poor performance of the State Governments in eradicating suffering of the vulnerable sections of the society. Restructuring of Centrally sponsored schemes across the sectors for ameliorating the cause of vulnerable sections of population aims at providing flexibility to the States in better implementation. Critically evaluate. (200 words) 10 marks 10 2013
6 The Union Cabinet recently cleared the proposal to rename and amend the Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Act, 1986. What are the salient features of the proposed amendments? 20 2012
7 Bring out the salient features of the PCPNDT Act 1994, and the implications of its amendment in 2003. (250 words) 15 marks. 20 2011
8 What are your views on the features and impact of the POCSO Act 2012? (150 words) 10 marks. 20 2009
9 Discuss the steps to get rid of child labour in India. (250 words) 2007
10 Integrated Child Services (lCDS) Development. (125 words) 2007
11 What are the problems related to the rehabilitation of the mentally challenged persons in India? (125 words) 2006
12 Discuss the steps taken by Government to check child labour and promote child welfare. (250 words) 2003
13 Write briefly about the Programmes for ‘Welfare of the Disabled’. (150 words) 2002
14 Discuss the propositions laid down by the Supreme Court of India in the context of Torture in Prisons and Human Dignity. (250 words) 2000
15 What is Social Justice? How can reservation of seats for women in Parliament contribute to the establishment of a socially just society in India (About 250 words) 1997
16 Give your assessment on land reforms in India (About 250 words) 1997
17 What specific provisions exists in the Constitution of India about child labour? 150 words 1997
18 What are the major recommendations of the Swaminathan Committee's Draft National Population Policy, relating to gender issues? (150 words) 1994
19 What are the major recommendations of the Swaminathan Committee's Draft National Population Policy, relating to gender issues? (150 Words) 1994
20 Why has the question of child labour become more important recently? How is it going to affect India? (150 Words ) 1993
21 What is meant by population explosion? Has it occurred in India. (150 words) 1989
22 What are the main causes of anti-reservation stir in India ? what are the provisions in our constitution regarding reservation ? Do you consider the policy on reservation is bad ? 1985
23 Analyse the situation in the Northeastern States what steps are being taken and could be taken to restore it to normally having regard to the strategic these States, the intersts and aspirations of the different communities and classes of people living there and the paramount importance of national integration (About 500 words). 65 1982
24 Why has there been reservation of seats for Scheduled Caste and Tribes in the legislatures and in public services? How the purpose been achieved? Indicate recent developments. 1981
25 Situation of law and order has become unstable increasingly in many parts of India. What are the main reasons for the deterioration in law and order position? How are the State Governments trying to control crimes’ What further steps would you suggest with a view to provide a greater sense of security in the minds of the people specially those, who belong to the vulnerable sections of the society and live in remote areas (Not more than 150 words). 25 1980

Currently there are no previous questions available.


Title: Learning love from New Zealand

Issue: Terrorism - attacks in New Zealand

Syllabus: General Studies-III - Internal Security - Terrorism, external state, non-state actors

Context

New Zealand Prime minister’s(Jacinda Ardern) response after terror attack in the country is worth praising. 

Highlights

  1. Immediately after the attack spread of hatred against the community terrorist belonged to was contained. 
  2. Prime Minister attended the Prayer Meeting and emphasised on teachings of prophet on kindness, compassion and Sympathy. 
  3. She condemned attack unequivocally and at the same time emphasised that individual acts of terrorism shall not stigmatise a community. She symbolically attended the meetings with black scarf to reflect this. 

Evidence

Nil 

Take Home Points

Revenge shall not be an answer to an actor violence or terrorism. Compassion and sympathy can build better communities and nations. 

Keywords:
 

Currently there are no previous questions available.

Currently there are no previous questions available.


Title: Encouraging secret donations

Issue: Electoral Bonds

Syllabus: General Studies-II - Indian Polity and Constitution - Elections, Representation of Peoples Act

Context

Recently, Government argued in the supreme court that Electoral Bonds protect right to privacy of the donor . The present article questions that notions of secrecy. 

Highlights

  1. Electoral bonds offer complete secrecy to the donor. Amount of money donated and to which political party is not revealed outside. Added to this, companies act was amended to make donations possible form companies that do not have any history of establishment or profitability. It can encourage corruption , quid pro quo arrangements between business and political parties. 
  2. Right to privacy meant to protect Individual dignity, autonomy and safety is subject to restriction on the basis of compelling public interest. Having a free and fair elections, transparency and fighting against corruption are definitely the compelling pubic interest matters. 

Evidence

Nil 

Take Home points

Right to Privacy and Right to information are meant to strengthen Individual against State not viceversa. 

Keywords:
 

# Previous UPSC Question Marks Year
1 In the light of recent controversy regarding the use of Electronic Voting Machines (EVM), what are the challenges before the Election Commission of India to ensure the trustworthiness of elections in India? (10) 2018
2 To enhance the quality of democracy in India the Election Commission of India has proposed electoral reforms in 2016. What are the suggested reforms and how far are they significant to make democracy successful? (250 words) 2017
3 Examine the impact of Regional Political Parties in Indian politics. (150 words) 15 marks. 2008
4 what are the Main determination of voting behavior in India? (250 words) 2007
5 Identify the major electoral reforms which are necessary in the Indian Political System. (150 words) 2000
6 Is it correct to describe the party system in India as One party Dominant system ?give reasons for your answer. 1985
7 Why was it considered necessary to pass the anti-defection bill ? In what ways is it likely to improve the political health of the country? 1984
8 Despite all talk of an effective opposition why has it not been possible to develop an effective opposition in India? Enumerate the principle impediments to the achievements if the much desired political objective 1983
9 The Phenomenon of Political defection in India assumed large proportions in recent years. Bring out the factor responsible for the growth of this phenomenon. Is it right to say than ban on defection will amount to suppression of thought and action? 45 1981

Currently there are no previous questions available.